development of lichenometric dating curves for highland scotland

It has been found useful to measure the several largest thalli present, to avoid reliance on deutscher kennenlernen abnormally high values which may be attributable to contact growths or coalescence of multiple centre thalli.
The use of lichens in the dating of archaeological remains was initially proposed by Renaud (1939) in Spain.
Jokull 57:2136 Google Scholar Denton GH, Karlen W (1973) Lichenometry: its application to Holocene moraine studies in southern Alaska and Swedish Lapland.New Phytol 134:517522 CrossRef Google Scholar Armstrong RA, Smith SN (1997) Factors associated with degeneration of the thallus centre in foliose lichens.Doi:.1006/lich.2000.0279 Clayden SR (1997) Intraspecific interactions and parasitism in an association of Rhizocarpon lecanorinum and.In the direct approach, growth rates are determined by monitoring individual thalli over several years, typically of yellow-green specimens (subgenus Rhizocarpon geographicum agg.) which have provided the best results and are often abundant.Doi:.2307/2258324 CrossRef Google Scholar Innes JL (1983) Development of lichenometric dating curves for highland Scotland.Arctic 34:158168 CrossRef Google Scholar Follman G (1961) Estudios liquenometriqos en los monumentos prehistoricos de la Isla de Pascua.Doi:.1007/s CrossRef Google Scholar Armstrong RA, Smith SN (1987) Development and growth of the lichen Rhizocarpon geographicum.Arc Alp Res 13:1123.Rev Univer; Anal de la Acad Chil de Cienc Nat 24:149154 Google Scholar Gellatly AF (1982) Lichenometry as a relative-age dating method in Mt Cook National Park.Doi: ;2, armstrong RA (2005b) Growth curves of four crustose lichens.Am Antiq 74:143172 Google Scholar Beschel RE (1958) Lichenometrical studies in West Greenland.Doi:.1006/lich.2001.0353 Benedict JB (1967) Recent glacial history of an alpine area in the Colorado Front Range, USA.Doi: crossRef, google Scholar, armstrong RA (1984) Growth of experimentally reconstructed thalli of the lichen.
New Zeal J Geol Geophys 24:443445 Google Scholar Birkenmajer K (1981) Lichenometric dating of raised beaches at Admirality Bay, King George Island (South Shetland islands, West Antarctica).

Arct Antarct Alp Res 35:203213.Doi:.1017/S CrossRef Google Scholar Hooker TN (1980a) Factors affecting the growth of Antarctic crustose lichens.Geogr Ann Ser A Phys Geogr 92A:317 CrossRef Google Scholar Armstrong RA, Bradwell T (2010b) The use of lichen growth rings in lichenometry: some preliminary findings.Doi:.1017/S CrossRef Google Scholar Rogerson RJ, Evans DJA, McCoy WD (1986) Five-year growth of rock lichens in a low-arctic mountain environment, Northern Labrador.Can J Earth Sci 14:18091822 Google Scholar Maguas C, Brugnoli E (1996) Spatial variation in carbon isotope discrimination across the thalli of several lichen species.Arct Alp Res 5:323331 CrossRef Google Scholar Trenbirth HE, Matthews JA (2010) Lichen growth rates on glacier forelands in southern Norway: preliminary results from a 25-year monitoring programme.Doi: CrossRef Google Scholar Mathews JA, Trenbirth HE (2011) Growth rate of a very large crustose lichen (Rhizocarpon subgenus) and its implications for lichenometry.
This is not the case.